A guide to Prosecco wine region

Welcome to the enchanting world of Prosecco, where rolling hills, picturesque vineyards, and charming Italian villages await you. As you embark on your journey through this captivating appellation, prepare to be swept off your feet by the region’s delightful wines, rich history, and stunning landscapes.


Nestled in the northeastern corner of Italy, the Prosecco appellation encompasses the regions of Veneto and Friuli Venezia Giulia, with its heart in the towns of Conegliano and Valdobbiadene. As you wander through these idyllic landscapes, you’ll be greeted by endless rows of Glera grapevines, the primary variety used in the production of Prosecco wines.

Prosecco wine region highlights:
  • Festive: Known for its lively and celebratory atmosphere.
  • Refreshing: Crisp and effervescent Prosecco wines.
  • Vibrant: Bustling vineyards and charming hillside towns.

Overview of the Prosecco wine region

History And Culture

The origins of Prosecco date back to Roman times when the Glera grape, the foundation of Prosecco, was cultivated in the region. The modern Prosecco appellation, with its distinctive sparkling wines, has its roots in the late 19th century, when advancements in winemaking techniques led to the development of the light and effervescent character that Prosecco is known for today. As you traverse this historic region, you’ll find charming medieval villages, beautiful churches, and ancient castles that reflect the rich cultural heritage of the area.


What The Appellation Is Known For

The Prosecco appellation is renowned for its sparkling wines, which are primarily made from the Glera grape variety. The region produces a diverse range of Prosecco styles, from the fresh and fruity to the refined and complex, with the prestigious Conegliano Valdobbiadene DOCG representing the pinnacle of quality. Prosecco is celebrated for its versatility, making it an ideal choice for celebrations, aperitifs, or simply enjoying a glass of bubbly on a warm Italian day.



The Prosecco appellation enjoys a mild, temperate climate, characterized by warm summers and cool, wet winters. The region benefits from the protection of the Dolomite Mountains to the north, which helps to create a favorable microclimate for grape cultivation. Spring and autumn are particularly serene, with the vineyards bathed in vibrant colors, while the long summer days provide the perfect opportunity to explore the countryside and sample the region’s delightful wines.


Travel And Getting Around

The Prosecco region is easily accessible from several major Italian cities, including Venice, which is approximately an hour’s drive away. The region is also well-connected by train, with the towns of Conegliano and Valdobbiadene serving as convenient entry points to the heart of the appellation. To fully experience the beauty of the Prosecco wine route, a car is recommended, allowing you the flexibility to explore the winding roads, scenic vineyards, and enchanting hilltop towns at your own pace.

Best things to do in Prosecco wine region

As you explore the Prosecco region and its surroundings, you’ll find a plethora of exciting activities and experiences to immerse yourself in. From outdoor adventures to cultural discoveries, here are some of the best things to do near the Prosecco region:


Wine Tasting: With Prosecco and other nearby wine regions like Valpolicella, Soave, and Friuli Venezia Giulia, embarking on a wine tasting tour is a must. Visit local wineries, learn about the winemaking process, and savor the diverse range of wines that Italy has to offer.


Culinary Experiences: Italy is renowned for its mouthwatering cuisine, and the regions around Prosecco are no exception. Attend a cooking class, savor local dishes at traditional trattorias, or explore farmers’ markets to experience the incredible flavors of the Italian culinary landscape.


Cycling and Hiking: The countryside surrounding the Prosecco region offers countless opportunities for outdoor enthusiasts. Cycle through the vineyards, hike in the nearby Dolomite Mountains, or explore the scenic trails along the Prosecco Wine Route.


Historical and Cultural Tours: Delve into the rich history and culture of the area by visiting the historic cities and towns near Prosecco, such as Venice, Treviso, Verona, and Padua. Join guided tours, explore museums and galleries, or simply wander through the charming streets to immerse yourself in the local atmosphere.


Shopping: Italy is famous for its fashion and craftsmanship, making it a shopper’s paradise. Visit local boutiques, artisan workshops, and designer outlets in the nearby cities to discover unique clothing, accessories, and handmade goods.


Relaxation and Wellness: The natural beauty of the Prosecco region and its surroundings provide the perfect setting for relaxation and rejuvenation. Indulge in a spa treatment, practice yoga in a serene setting, or simply enjoy a leisurely stroll through the vineyards to unwind and recharge.


Festivals and Events: Experience the local culture and traditions by attending festivals and events in the area. From food and wine celebrations to cultural performances and historical reenactments, these events offer a unique insight into the vibrant spirit of the region.


Water-Based Activities: With the Adriatic coast and numerous rivers and lakes nearby, there are plenty of water-based activities to enjoy. Take a scenic boat tour, try your hand at sailing, or simply relax on the beaches of the Italian coast.

About Prosecco Wines: Types & Characteristics

Prosecco is celebrated for its lively and effervescent character, offering a range of sparkling wines from the refreshing and fruity to the elegant and complex. Whether you’re sipping a crisp Brut, a fruity Extra Dry, or a luscious Prosecco Superiore from the prestigious Conegliano Valdobbiadene DOCG, you’ll be delighted by the versatility and charm of these effervescent wines.


As you explore the Prosecco appellation, immerse yourself in the region’s rich viticultural heritage, sample its diverse range of wines, and embrace the warmth and hospitality of the local people. So, raise a glass and toast to the wonderful world of Prosecco, where every sip is a celebration!

Prosecco wines are primarily categorized by their sweetness levels and quality classifications:


Brut: The driest style of Prosecco. It offers a crisp, refreshing taste with lively acidity.


Extra Dry: A slightly sweeter style, featuring a fruity and approachable character.


Dry: The sweetest style of Prosecco, offering a luscious and indulgent flavor profile.


In addition to these classifications, Prosecco wines are also defined by their quality tiers:


Prosecco DOC: Wines produced within the broader Prosecco appellation, encompassing the regions of Veneto and Friuli Venezia Giulia.


Conegliano Valdobbiadene Prosecco Superiore DOCG: Wines crafted in the premium sub-region located between the towns of Conegliano and Valdobbiadene, known for its steep hillsides and exceptional vineyard sites.


Asolo Prosecco Superiore DOCG: Another premium sub-region, situated around the town of Asolo, producing high-quality Prosecco wines with distinctive character.

Prosecco Wine Taste Notes & Flavors

Prosecco wines are celebrated for their vibrant and effervescent character, offering a variety of flavors and aromas that reflect the region’s unique terroir:


Aromatics: Prosecco wines typically exhibit floral and fruity aromas, such as white flowers, green apple, pear, and citrus.


Flavors: On the palate, Prosecco wines display fresh and fruity flavors, including green apple, pear, peach, melon, and lemon zest. The wines also often feature a subtle almond or mineral undertone.


Texture: Prosecco is generally light-bodied with a creamy, frothy mousse resulting from its secondary fermentation in pressurized tanks using the Charmat method.

Grape Varieties of Prosecco wines

The primary grape variety used in the production of Prosecco wines is Glera. This indigenous grape variety is known for its high acidity, floral aromatics, and fruity flavors. While Glera accounts for the majority of the blend, other permitted grape varieties can also be used, including Verdiso, Bianchetta Trevigiana, Perera, Glera Lunga, Chardonnay, Pinot Bianco, Pinot Grigio, and Pinot Nero (vinified as a white wine).

Frequently Asked Questions About Prosecco wine region

  • Where is the Prosecco region located?

    The Prosecco region is located in northeastern Italy, primarily in the Veneto region, with a small portion extending into the neighboring Friuli Venezia Giulia region.
  • What is Prosecco known for?

    Prosecco is best known for its sparkling wines made primarily from the Glera grape. These wines are famous for their refreshing, fruity, and effervescent character.
  • How does Prosecco differ from Champagne?

    Prosecco and Champagne are both sparkling wines, but they differ in their production methods, grape varieties, and regional origins. Prosecco is made using the Charmat method, where the secondary fermentation occurs in pressurized tanks, while Champagne undergoes secondary fermentation in the bottle. Prosecco is made primarily from the Glera grape, whereas Champagne is produced from Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, and Pinot Meunier grapes.
  • How do I get to the Prosecco region?

    The closest major city to the Prosecco region is Venice, which is well connected by air, train, and road to other parts of Italy and Europe. From Venice, it is approximately a one-hour drive to the Prosecco region. You can also reach the area by train, with Conegliano and Valdobbiadene being the main train stations in the region.
  • When is the best time to visit the Prosecco region?

    The best time to visit the Prosecco region is during the spring and early autumn months when the weather is mild and the vineyards are lush and green. These seasons also offer the opportunity to attend local wine festivals and events. However, the region can be visited year-round, with each season offering its own unique charm.
  • Are there guided tours and tastings available in the Prosecco region?

    Yes, there are many guided tours and tastings available in the Prosecco region. You can join group tours, book private experiences, or visit individual wineries for tastings and cellar tours. It is recommended to make reservations in advance to ensure availability.
  • What types of accommodations are available in the Prosecco region?

    A variety of accommodations can be found in the Prosecco region, ranging from charming bed and breakfasts and boutique hotels to countryside agriturismo properties and luxury resorts. Many accommodations also offer unique experiences, such as vineyard stays, wine tastings, and cooking classes, allowing visitors to fully immerse themselves in the region's wine and culinary culture.